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МНОГОГРАННАЯ АЛЬБУМИНУРИЯ: АСПЕКТЫ КЛИНИЧЕСКОГО ЗНАЧЕНИЯ

https://doi.org/10.24884/1561-6274-2009-13-3-33-38

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Аннотация

Диагностика хронической болезни почек (ХБП) может базироваться на выявлении любых морфологических и клинических маркёров почечного повреждения в зависимости от клинической ситуации. К рутинным лабораторным маркёрам почечного повреждения можно отнести протеинурию, изменения в осадке мочи, данные анализов крови и мочи, изменения при функциональных и визуализирующих методах исследования. В клинической практике при отсутствии любых других признаков хронического повреждения почек уровень альбуминурии является единственным и относительно ранним показателем, позволяющим исключить или подтвердить наличие субклинического течения ХБП, особенно в условиях сохранной скорости клубочковой фильтрации. Повышение отдаленных почечных и кардиоваскулярных рисков также ассоциируется с наличием микроальбуминурии (30–299 мг/сут). Тем не менее, имеющиеся данные позволяют признать целесообразным снижение верхнего порога нормальных значений мочевого альбумина до 15 мг/сут, а не до 30 мг/сут, как это сейчас общепринято в обычной клинической практике. Обсуждается необходимость использования в клинической практике индексации стадий ХБП в зависимости от уровня альбуминурии/протеинурии, которая в компактной форме позволяет иметь важную информацию для оценки прогноза течения дисфункции почек и планирования соответствующих профилактических мероприятий.

Об авторах

В. А. Добронравов
Санкт-Петербургский государственный медицинский университет им. акад. И.П. Павлова
Россия

Научно-исследовательский институт нефрологии,

кафедра пропедевтики внутренних болезней



А. В. Смирнов
Санкт-Петербургский государственный медицинский университет им. акад. И.П. Павлова
Россия

Научно-исследовательский институт нефрологии,

кафедра пропедевтики внутренних болезней



И. Г. Каюков
Санкт-Петербургский государственный медицинский университет им. акад. И.П. Павлова
Россия

Научно-исследовательский институт нефрологии,

кафедра нефрологии и диализа

197022, Санкт-Петербург, ул. Л. Толстого, 17, СПбГМУ им. акад. И.П. Павлова, Нефрокорпус; тел.: (812)-346-39-26; факс: (812)-234-91-91.



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Для цитирования:


Добронравов В.А., Смирнов А.В., Каюков И.Г. МНОГОГРАННАЯ АЛЬБУМИНУРИЯ: АСПЕКТЫ КЛИНИЧЕСКОГО ЗНАЧЕНИЯ. Нефрология. 2009;13(3):33-38. https://doi.org/10.24884/1561-6274-2009-13-3-33-38

For citation:


Dobronravov V.A., Smirnov A.V., Kayukov I.G. MANYSIDED ALBUMINURIA: ASPECTS OF CLINICAL VALUE. Nephrology (Saint-Petersburg). 2009;13(3):33-38. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.24884/1561-6274-2009-13-3-33-38

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ISSN 1561-6274 (Print)
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