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Возможности применения накожной билатеральной электромиостимуляции: от космической медицины к реабилитации инвалидов

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Аннотация

За более чем 300-летнюю историю изучения воздействия электрического тока на нервные и мышечные ткани представление о возможностях электротерапии значимо расширилось. В последние десятилетия сочетание прогресса в области электроники и обработки данных и миниатюризации изделий медицинского назначения открыли путь к современным методам электростимуляции и их реализации в различных областях. В настоящее время накожная билатеральная электромиостимуляция (НБЭМ) активно применяется в спортивной и космической медицине, в практике реабилитации кардиологических, пульмонологических, неврологических больных. Сравнительно недавно методика НБЭМ нашла свое применение в отношении реабилитации больных с хронической болезнью почек (ХБП), находящихся на заместительной почечной терапии гемодиализом. В данном обзоре обобщены сведения о существующих на текущий момент модальностях электротерапии, основных направлениях применения НБЭМ и доказанных эффектах этого метода.

Об авторах

К. А. Вишневский
Первый Санкт-Петербургский государственный медицинский университет им. акад. И.П. Павлова; Городская Мариинская больница, Городской нефрологический центр
Россия


А. Ш. Румянцев
Первый Санкт-Петербургский государственный медицинский университет им. акад. И.П. Павлова
Россия


А. В. Смирнов
Первый Санкт-Петербургский государственный медицинский университет им. акад. И.П. Павлова
Россия


Н. Ю. Коростелева
Научно-исследовательский институт нефрологии Первого Санкт-Петербургского государственного медицинского университета им. акад. И.П. Павлова
Россия


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Для цитирования:


Вишневский К.А., Румянцев А.Ш., Смирнов А.В., Коростелева Н.Ю. Возможности применения накожной билатеральной электромиостимуляции: от космической медицины к реабилитации инвалидов. Нефрология. 2015;19(1):41-53.

For citation:


Vishnevskii K.A., Rumyantsev A.S., Smirnov A.V., Korosteleva N.Y. Applicabilities of bilateral epicutaneous electromyostimulation: from space medicine to rehabilitation of disabled persons. Nephrology (Saint-Petersburg). 2015;19(1):41-53. (In Russ.)

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