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ЧТО МЫ ЗНАЕМ И ЧЕГО НЕ ЗНАЕМ О ЗАБОЛЕВАНИЯХ ПОЧЕК У ЖЕНЩИН; ВОПРОСЫ БЕЗ ОТВЕТОВ И ОТВЕТЫ НА НЕЗАДАННЫЕ ВОПРОСЫ: РАЗМЫШЛЕНИЯ ПО ПОВОДУ ВСЕМИРНОГО ДНЯ ПОЧКИ И МЕЖДУНАРОДНОГО ЖЕНСКОГО ДНЯ

https://doi.org/10.24884/1561-6274-2018-22-2-12-25

Полный текст:

Аннотация

Около  10% взрослого населения планеты страдают хронической болезнью почек, которая входит  в список 20 основных причин  смерти во всем мире и ведет к пагубным последствиям как для самих пациентов, так и для членов их семей. Всемирный День  Почки в 2018  году совпадает с Международным женским днем, что дает нам повод задуматься об  особой важности состояния здоровья женщин, и в особенности о «почечном здоровье», для  ныне  живущей популяции и для будущих  поколений. Нам представляется не только уникальная возможность узнать как можно больше об  особенностях заболеваний почек  у женщин, но и шире использовать полученные знания. Женщины, девушки и девочки в целом составляют примерно 50%  населения мира и вносят огромный вклад в жизнь  общества, не говоря уже о важнейшей роли  в семейной жизни. Вместе с тем,  гендерные различия в доступе к образованию, медицинской помощи и участии в клинических исследованиях все  еще существуют практически повсеместно. Беременность, представляющая особую нагрузку на организм женщины, и нередко оказывающаяся поводом для  выявления уже существующих заболевания почек, может также  приводить к манифестации острых и хронических почечных  заболеваний, которые, в свою очередь, могут сказываться на потомстве – в том числе и на состоянии почек. Многие аутоиммунные и другие заболевания чаще развиваются у женщин, чем у мужчин, и неблагоприятно сказываются на способности к деторождению и на состоянии плода. Осложнения диализа у женщин отличаются от осложнений у мужчин и, кроме того, женщины с большей вероятностью оказываются донорами, нежели реципиентами почечного трансплантата. В этой передовой статье мы сконцентрировали внимание на том,  что мы знаем и чего мы не знаем о «почечном здоровье» и заболеваниях почек у женщин, и на том,  что мы можем и должны узнать в будущем для улучшения исходов заболеваний почек во всем мире.

Об авторах

Джиорджина Б. Пикколи
Туринский университет; Госпитальный центр Ле-Ман
Италия

Джиорджина Барбара Пикколи - отдел клинических и биологических наук ТУ; отделение  нефрологии, ГЦ Ле-Ман



Мона Альрухами
Медицинский колледж Дубай
Объединенные Арабские Эмираты

Oтдел медицины

Дубай



Жи-Хонг Лиу
Национальный центр клинических исследований заболеваний почек, госпиталь Джинлинг, Медицинская школа Нанкинского университета
Китай
Нангин


Елена Захарова
Городская клиническая больница им. С.П. Боткина; Московский государственный медико-стоматологический университет им. А.И. Евдокимова; Российская медицинская академия непрерывного последипломного образования
Россия

Отделение нефрологии ГКБ им. С.П. Боткина; 

кафедра нефрологии МГМСУ имени А.И. Евдокимова;

кафедра нефрологии РМАНПО

Москва

 



Адера 8, Левин
Университет Британской Колумбии
Канада

8 отдел медицины, отделение нефрологии 

Ванкувер



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Для цитирования:


Пикколи Д.Б., Альрухами М., Лиу Ж., Захарова Е., Левин А.8. ЧТО МЫ ЗНАЕМ И ЧЕГО НЕ ЗНАЕМ О ЗАБОЛЕВАНИЯХ ПОЧЕК У ЖЕНЩИН; ВОПРОСЫ БЕЗ ОТВЕТОВ И ОТВЕТЫ НА НЕЗАДАННЫЕ ВОПРОСЫ: РАЗМЫШЛЕНИЯ ПО ПОВОДУ ВСЕМИРНОГО ДНЯ ПОЧКИ И МЕЖДУНАРОДНОГО ЖЕНСКОГО ДНЯ. Нефрология. 2018;22(2):12-25. https://doi.org/10.24884/1561-6274-2018-22-2-12-25

For citation:


Piccoli G.B., Alrukhaimi M., Liu Z., Zakharova E., Levin A. WHAT WE DO AND DO NOT KNOW ABOUT WOMEN AND KIDNEY DISEASES; QUESTIONS UNANSWERED AND ANSWERS UNQUESTIONED: REFLECTION ON WORLD KIDNEY DAY AND INTERNATIONALWOMAN’S DAY. Nephrology (Saint-Petersburg). 2018;22(2):12-25. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.24884/1561-6274-2018-22-2-12-25

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